Usual conditions

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The usual diseases of the teeth are more or less known. Nevertheless, we will mention them in order to remind you what they cause and what we can do about that. The most usual diseases of the teeth are:

1/ Dental microbial plaque

2/ Tooth decay

3/ Gum disease-Periondontics

4/ Tartar

 

 

1/ Dental microbial plaque

The greatest enemy of the teeth and gums is an invisible thin membrane of germs, which is attached to the teeth near gums and is called Dental Microbial Plaque. Microbial plaque is responsible not only for tooth decay but for other gum diseases as well and the only way to remove it, is by brushing teeth correctly and regularly.

 


2/ Tooth decay

Tooth decay destroys the hard tissues of teeth. It is considered to be the most widespread teeth disease that appears frequently among general population.

If tooth decay is not cured on time, it evolves leading to total destruction of the tooth.

It worths noting that tooth decay is responsible for 40% of lost teeth.

According to scientific findings, dental tooth decay appears due to the interaction of several factors, which are:

  • Dental Microbial Plaque germs, as in combination to the sugar of food and drinks produce acids (and acids soften the enamel of teeth).
  • Type and frequency of the consumption of food that contains sugar.
  • Endurance of the tooth itself.

 


3/ Gum disease-Periondontics

Diseases of periondontium, such as gum disease and periondontics are the main reason for the loss of strong teeth, as they affect gum and tissues that support the teeth.

Gum disease, which has symptoms like irritation, gum swelling and slight bleeding, causes periondontics when it is not treated on time. The symptoms of periondontics are intense bleeding of gums, bad breath, pus and bad taste; however the main symptom is the looseness of the teeth as their support is decreased. If teeth lose their support their extraction is necessary!

 

4/ Tartar

When Dental Microbial Plaque is not removed daily by teeth brushing, it can be calcinated and be transformed to a hard layer that is called tartar (calculus). Tartar can only be removed by the dentist.

It irritates gum and promotes the attachment of germs, leading to the generation of gum diseases.